Avoidance learning is the natural protective behavior that is developed by an individual to escape the stressful or unfriendly situation where he didn’t feel comfortable.
The developed behavior helps the individual to isolate or remove himself from the danger or unpleasant situation. Researchers found it difficult to explain this behavior as much as they have learned from the rat and mouse models. It is observed that excessive avoidance leads to anxiety disorders.
There are two stages of learning. In stage 1, the learner develops classical conditioning experience; a warning or signal opposite to punishment. The learner develops the fear response whenever he experiences the stimulus or warning signs. In stage 2, the learner experiences operant conditioning; he understands that the suitable reaction to the stimulus removes the stressful outcomes.