Definition of Economies Of Scope

An economy of scope is an economic phenomenon that occurs when the cost of producing two products collectively is lower than the sum of individual production costs for each.


Formula for Economies of Scope:

Formula of Economies of Scope





Example of  Economies of Scope:

McDonald's makes petty burgers and wraps. The cost of separately making 1,000 patty burgers is $0.25 each. Similarly, if 2,000 wraps are separately made, the cost is $0.15 each. If 1,000 patty burgers and 2,000 wraps are made together the total cost is $475.


To determine the economies of scope:

Determine C(Q1) = 1,000 x 0.25 = $250

Determine C(Q2) = 2,000 * 0.15 = $300

Determine C(Q1+Q2) = $475

Place the numbers into the Economies of Scope formula

Economies of scope = ($250 + $300 – $475) /$475 = 15.78%.


Therefore, the cost of producing patty burgers and wraps together is 15.78% less than the cost of producing them separately.

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