Definition of Metaphase

Metaphase is a stage of the cell cycle in which the genetic material of the cell whether somatic or germ is condensed in the form of chromosomes. In this way, the chromosomes become visible under the microscope and this viewing of the chromosomes is known as karyotyping. The nucleus gets disappeared and the chromosomes present in the cell get into the cytoplasm of the cell.


The chromosomes arrange themselves in the centre and form an equatorial plate. As the stage of metaphase continues, the cells divide into two daughter cells. When the cell in metaphase, it becomes possible for the researchers to determine whether the chromosomes are intact or not.

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