Definition of Riparian Zone

The riparian zone is a term used in ecology to define the interface that is between the land and a river or a stream. The plant habitats and communities that are present alongside the rivers and streams are known to be riparian vegetation. The riparian vegetation typically includes hydrophilic plants.


Riparian zones have important roles in soil conservation, the biodiversity of habitat, etc. They also have effects on the fauna and aquatic ecosystems. These zones may be present naturally and can be engineered to improve the soil condition. They act as natural biofilters too and consequently improves the quality of water.

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