Definition of Biodegradation

Biodegradation is a phenomenon through which the complex, large organic molecules are broken down into their constituents with the help of fungi and microorganisms such as bacteria. It can also be stated in a way that it is a reduction in the complexity of the chemical compounds and this is catalyzed by the biological species.


Any organic material that is derived from living organisms i.e. plant and animal matter can be regarded as biodegradable matter. Biodegradation is a natural process that leads to the recycling of waste material. The recycled products become a source of nutrients for the other organisms. In this way, the waste is reduced, the environment is cleared and new valuable resources are formed.


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