Definition of Bioremediation

Bioremediation is a branch of biotechnology that deals with the use of living organisms, systems, and processes in order to remove the contaminants, pollutants, and toxic chemicals from the environment. A number of bacteria and microbes are employed in removing the pollutants from the soil and water bodies.


Bioremediation also encourages and stimulates the growth of some specified microbes that take the contaminants as a means of food and energy. When the microbes act on these contaminants, the contaminants get converted into water and carbon dioxide. The conditions like temperature and nutrients must be given to the microbes in the right combination so that they can flourish and speed up the process of bioremediation.


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