Definition of Decarboxylation
Decarboxylation is a chemical reaction in which the carboxyl group is removed from the chemical compound and a molecule of carbon dioxide is also released consequently. When the carbon atoms from the carbon chain of the carboxylic acids are removed, it is also known as decarboxylation.
On the other hand, when carbon dioxide is added to a compound, the process is termed as carboxylation, for example, the first step in the process of photosynthesis. decarboxylation reactions are catalyzed by enzymes which are known as decarboxylases. These reactions have two steps, the first hydrolysis takes place and it is followed by the elimination of carbon dioxide.