Definition of Genetically Modified Organism
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) is an organism that has a foreign genetic material incorporated into its own DNA. This process of incorporating a foreign DNA is done by the help of recombinant DNA technology. This technique is performed so that we are able to have a progeny with desired and beneficial characteristics. Due to genetic engineering, the desirable physiological traits are expressed in an organism.
In this way, the quantity of beneficial biological products is also enhanced. The organisms which have recombinant genetic material in them are known as transgenic organisms. This technique of generating breed with desirable traits has been in practice in livestock production, crop farming and pet breeding.