Definition of Haloalkane

The haloalkanes belong to the group of organic chemical compounds in which the alkanes have one or more halogen atoms attached to them. These compounds are also known as halogenoalkanes and alkyl halides. Haloalkanes are used widely in the form of fire extinguishers, aerosol propellants, solvents, refrigerants, etc. On the contrary, they are also known to be one major pollutant for example chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).


This chemical compound is responsible for the depletion of the ozone layer which is causing global warming. The haloalkanes are colourless, odourless, and hydrophobic. The haloalkanes may be classified as primary, secondary, and tertiary depending on the position of halogen.

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