Definition of Human Genome Project
The human genome project is a project which is a worldwide collaboration to provide a detailed map of the genome of a human. The complete sequence of the DNA is also obtained through it. The nucleotides of the human haploid reference genome also had to be mapped. The human genome is mapped by sequencing the small number of individuals and then these are assembled together and consequently, a complete sequence of each chromosome is determined.
It is stated that the genome of every individual is unique. The final human genome does not belong to any one individual but is a mosaic. This sequencing of the genome has a lot of benefits in molecular medicine, in genotyping, in forensic sciences, agriculture, evolution, bioprocessing etc.