Definition of Mendel’s Law Of Independent Assortment
Mendel's Law of Independent Assortment dictates that in sexually reproducing organisms, the different genes along with their alleles are inherited in an independent manner. Gametes (egg and sperm cells) contain half the DNA, are considered haploid and formed during the process of meiosis.
Crossing over takes place in this which results in the reshuffling of genes and produces recombination of genes. Hence, the daughter cells are genetically different from the parent cell. The random pattern of inheritance of genes from maternal as well as paternal sources is being described in this law.