Definition of Dna Polymerase

DNA polymerase is one of the most important enzymes involved in DNA replication and it is a complex process that occurs in the living systems prior to the division of cells. The DNA first gets itself duplicated and the cell divides afterwards through mitosis and meiosis.


A new daughter strand is formed from the template strand and the bases present in it are complementary to the bases present in the template strand. Hence, it is known as a semi-conservative process. These bases are added up in the growing strand by DNA polymerase one at a time. Both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells constitute these polymerases. Some of these polymerases serve the purpose of replicating the DNA strands whereas some are involved in repair mechanisms.


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